Stroke Prevention

Stroke, sometimes referred to as a cerebral thrombosis or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a common neurological condition and the third leading cause of death in the United States. It is defined as the sudden loss of focal brain function due to a clotted ( thrombosed) or burst (hemorrhaged) blood vessel in the brain. Often a clot migrates from the heart to block the brain vessel (cardioembolic) or from atherosclerotic plaque rupture in a down steam neck artery (carotid embolism). Such devastating symptoms include paralysis or incoordination of half the body, speech impairment (dysarthia), > communication and language loss (aphasia), visual or sensory loss, or sudden severe headache. When severe a stroke may lead to irreversible loss of function and independence or even death. Clearly prevention of this devastating condition is key to improving one's quality of life.

At Neurology Associates of Fredericksburg, your stroke specialist will review your stroke risk factors and suggest a treatment plan in conjunction with your primary physician to reduce your chance of a stroke. These modifiable risk factors include TIA, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, heart disease, carotid artery disease, and intra cranial arterial stenosis, cardiovascular disorders such as atrial fibrillation, valvular disease, PFO, and unusual hematological disorders associated with stroke. Testing may include carotid and trancranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD), Brain and extra cranial CTA or MRA, hematological/lab testing, and appropriate cardiovascular testing performed by a cardiologist.

Remember that not all strokes have to be cerebrovascular accidents.The American Heart Association estimates that 75 percent of strokes may be preventable by risk factor modification.

Visit Medicinenet.com for more information.

The information presented on this website is intended for educational purposes only. Adherence to these guidelines will not ensure successful treatment in every situation. This information should not be considered inclusive of all accepted methods of care or exclusive of other methods of care reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. The ultimate judgment regarding the appropriateness of any specific procedure, therapy, or referral must be made by the physician in light of all circumstances presented by an individual patient.