Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a degenerative central nervous system disorder affecting more than 24 million people worldwide and the most frequent cause of dementia. The term dementia describes symptoms including cognitive impairment and behavioral changes indicating brain disease. The dementia progresses to impair intellectual, occupational and social functioning. Memory loss, word finding difficulties, confusion, problem solving and personality changes are among the common symptoms. The cause of Alzheimer's is not known for certain. The accumulation of amyloid forming brain plaques and twisted nerve cables(axons) comprised of tau proteins offer a clue to the pathogenesis. Current medication treatments provide modest symptomatic improvement. Future research targeting these proteins is underway to combat this ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease.

The neurologist helps to sort out other conditions which may mimic dementia such as reactions to medications or toxins, metabolic abnormalities such as hepatic failure or endocrine disorders, nutritional deficiencies or infections, brain hypoxia, brain tumors,cardiopulmonary problems and pseudo dementia . Other disorders which cause dementia symptoms are investigated such as vascular dementia due to cerebrovascular disease (Stroke), Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, and Lewy body or Frontotemporal Dementia (Pick's Disease).

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The information presented on this website is intended for educational purposes only. Adherence to these guidelines will not ensure successful treatment in every situation. This information should not be considered inclusive of all accepted methods of care or exclusive of other methods of care reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. The ultimate judgment regarding the appropriateness of any specific procedure, therapy, or referral must be made by the physician in light of all circumstances presented by an individual patient.